The red drum, also known as drum, channel bass, redfish or simply reds, is a game fish that is found in the Atlantic Ocean from Massachusetts to Florida and in the Gulf of Mexico from Florida to Northern Mexico.
Along the North Carolina coast they are called by their size. Puppy drum are smaller red drum from 0 to 27 inches, yearling drum are 27 inches to around 40 inches, and old drum are 40 inches and longer. In North Carolina anglers can keep fish from 18 inches to 27 inches and 1 fish per person.
The all-tackle world record was taken in the surf at Avon North Carolina in 1984. This giant red drum weighed 94 pounds, 2 ounces. North Carolina has produced 10 out of 16 current world records for red drum.
Puppy drum are a very popular summer quarry. They are found along the beaches and in the sounds behind the Outer Banks. They can be fished for by various methods.
In the surf most anglers prefer natural bait like cut mullet or cut menhaden, but the fish will also take fresh shrimp. These baits are fished on a two-hooked bottom rig or a single-hook fish finder rig.
Back in the sounds they are mainly fished for with lures such as soft plastic baits teamed up with lead jig heads. Puppy drum will often hang out over grass beds in 1 to 2 feet of water, and gold spoons are excellent bait in these situations. If the floating grass is not too thick where it fouls up your lure, you can try a top-water bait. Natural bait works well in the sounds for puppy drum as well.
Each angler is allowed one per day between 18 and 27 inches. Take care when releasing these hard-fighting bronze beauties.