Hatteras Island — historically, Croatoan Island — is a sparkling gem on the Outer Banks.

Not only is it the site of the iconic Cape Hatteras Lighthouse, it also is home to the Graveyard of the Atlantic Museum.

The museum is a rich repository of maritime history devoted to the waters off the coast, which earned its moniker — Graveyard of the Atlantic — because of the hundreds of shipwrecks and thousands of bodies lost at sea. The museum also is home to the original Fresnel lens of the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse.

There are several places to launch a canoe or kayak on Hatteras Island. The Pea Island launch is at the new inlet parking area, a few miles south of Pea Island National Wildlife Refuge. The Salvo Day Use area is south of the village of Salvo, and the haulover is halfway between the villages of Avon and Buxton.

Be sure and stop at the Oregon Inlet Life-Saving Station, located just south of the Herbert C. Bonner Bridge. The structure is on the National Register of Historic Places.

No trip to Hatteras would be complete with a visit to the the nonprofit Hatteras Island Ocean Center, which is a short walk of central Hatteras Village. The Center is a great resource on things to do while on the island.

In addition to historic sites, Hatteras is home to several art galleries and great restaurants, and trails for horseback riding.

Bodie Light Station

The Bodie Island Light Station, pictured right, is sometimes overshadowedby the more famous Cape Hatteras Lighthouse. Tucked away between tall pine trees and freshwater marshland, the smaller structure is located at the northern end of Cape Hatteras National Seashore. The light station that stands today is the third on Bodie Island. The original, constructed in 1847, was replaced in 1859, but it was destroyed during the Civil War by retreating Confederate troops, who feared the Union troops would commandeer it. Construction on a third light station began in 1871. The most recent restoration of the existing lighthouse itself was completed in 2013.

Hours: Tours are available from the third Friday in April to Columbus Day in October. The lighthouse also is open for self-guided climbs

Cost: $10 adult, $5 ages 52 and older and ages 12 and younger (must be 42 inches tall to climb)

Where: 8210 Bodie Island Lighthouse Road, Nags Head

Info: (252) 475-9000, nps.gov/caha/planyourvisit/bils.htm

Pea Island National Wildlife Refuge

The refuge, located between Oregon Inlet and Rodanthe., includes 6,000 acres with walking trails and uncrowded beaches and is a birder’s paradise. An array of educational and fun programs are offered for all ages.

Hours: 9 a.m.-4 p.m. Monday-Saturday, noon-4 p.m. Sunday

Cost: Free

Where: Highway 12, north of Rodanthe

Info: (252) 473-1131, ws.gov/refuge/pea_island

Rodanthe Fishing Pier

Hours: 6 a.m.-midnight Sunday-Saturday

Cost: Sightseeing is $2 per person per day, $10 per per person per week; day fishing pass is $12 ages 11 and older, $7 ages 10 and younger; week fishing pass is $60 per person, $180 for family of four plus $40 each additional member; $2 discount on daily fishing passe for military and ages 62 and older, with ID

Where: 24251 Atlantic Drive

Info: (252) 987-0030, rodanthepierllc.com

Chicamacomico Life-Saving Station

Chicamacomico Life-Saving Station, located in the village of Rodanthe, is the most complete site of all remaining life-saving stations in North Carolina and one of the most complete sites in the the U.S. Constructed in 1874, it is on the national register of historic places. The U.S. Coast Guard recognizes the 1918 “Mirlo” rescue by the Chicamacomico station as one of the top rescues in maritime service’s history.

Hours: 10 a.m.-5 p.m. Monday through Friday

Cost: $8 adults, $7 seniors, $6 youth

Where: 23645 Highway 12, Rodanthe

Info: (252) 987-1552; chicamacomico.org

Avon Fishing Pier

Hours: 6 a.m.-10 p.m. (spring and fall), 6 a.m.-midnight (summer), closed in winter

Cost: Sightseeing is $1 per person; fishing day pass is $10 adults, $9 seniors, $7 ages 12 and younger; 3-day fishing day pass is $27 adults, $24 seniors, $24 ages 12 and younger; annual pass also available

Where: 41001 Highway 12

Info: (252) 995-5480; avonpier.com

Buxton Woods Coastal Reserve

The reserve treats visitors to a self-guided nature trail through the largest tract of maritime forest on the North Carolina coast.

Hours: Daylight hours

Cost: Free

Where: Old Doctors Road and Highway 12, Buxton

Info: (252) 261-8891; nccoastalreserve.net

British Cemetery

During the World Wars, German U-Boats lingered off the coast of of Hatteras Island wiith the mission to prevent commercial vessels and Allied Forces from accessing the coastline to provide supplies and support.

Allied forces from Europe, mainly England which had a world-renowned Navy, were ordered to the U.S. coastline to seek out and destroy German invaders. Area waters became known as "Torpedo Junction."

The British Cemetery is the final resting place of British sailors who stood with their allies against the German threat and died on foreign land.

Hours: Daylight

Cost: Free

Place: To find the British Cemetery, look for a wide shaded path on the soundside of the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse road. The cemetery is located a few yards along the nature trail, which extends all the way to Frisco Village.

Frisco Native American Museum and Natural History Center

The museum features artifacts of North American tribes and those of Hatteras Island, along with walking trails through maritime forest.

Hours: 10:30 a.m.-5 p.m. Tuesday through Sunday

Cost: $5 adults, $3 seniors, $15 per household

Where: 53536 Highway 12, Frisco

Info: (252) 995-4440; nativeamericanmuseum.org

Cape Hatteras Lighthouse

Cape Hatteras Lighthouse is 193 feet tall and considered to be the world’s tallest lighthouse. Climbing is available through Columbus Day. The Visitor Center and Museum of the Sea is located on-site. Visiting the museum is free. Hiking trails are located nearby.

Hours: 9 a.m.-5 p.m. daily

Cost: $8 adults, $4 seniors and youth

Where: 46368 Old Lighthouse Road, Buxton

Info: 252-473-2111; nps.gov/caha/planyourvisit/lighthouseclimbs.htm

Graveyard of the Atlantic Museum

The museum features exhibits on a maritime history and shipwrecks off the coast of North Carolina, along with special programs each week. Programming from mid-May through September includes its Salty Dawg Series, which is at 2 p.m. each Tuesday. Presenters celebrate all things coastal to include seafood cooking, history and culture talks on the Civil War and WWII, maritime art and music, fishing history and life-saving stories, and even local language.

Hours: 10 a.m.-5 p.m. Monday-Saturday

Cost: Free

Where: 59200 Museum Drive, Hatteras

Info: (252) 986-2995; graveyardoftheatlantic.com

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